57 - GC1902 - arch. Dario Cazzaro (Gaia Progetti)

Primary Authors: arch. Dario Cazzaro (Gaia Progetti)

Coauthors: arch. Francesco Albarelli (Gaia Progetti), arch. Nicola Magliona (Gaia Progetti)

Architectural collaborators: -

Specialty collaborators: ing. Tanja Congiu, specialist in mobility system, arch. Alessia Marcia, specialist in environmental risks, ing. Costantino Tenore, specialist in energy technologies

Board 1

SOPOR: A NEW ECO-SUSTAINABLE SETTLEMENT

Sopor is conceived as an eco-sustainable settlement.

Urban diversity, spatial connectivity, flexibilityin block organisation, landscape integration, equity in the access to urban opportunities and social cohesion are the mainpoints that lead the new development.

A dense,dynamic urban fabricmade of blocks of 60 m defines the expansion over space and time of the new district. Each block consists of two side buildings of fixed size which accomodate a variable mix of functions. This flexibility makes blocks very different one to each other. The distribution of blocks gives formto anin-between system of open spaces including connections, green areas, urban parks and collective spaces. Depending on their location they offer different opportunities for public, semi-public and private use.

Density and mix of uses allows for better urban performances: variety of destinations at walking distances, easier access by sustainable modes of transports,energy efficiency (2000 watt society standard). The whole district is car free. An extensive and pervasive system of walkable green infrastructures is provided at ground level making short trips possible, safe and pleasant by foot, bike and other soft modes.Longer distances are covered by an efficient system of public transport (bus and tram) with a 350 m average access to stops and stations. A distributed system of parking lots is located underground in points easily accessible by external roads. In the future these spaces can be recovered for other useful uses.

The small size of blocks allows very large flexibility for uses as well as very agile access even to small cooperatives of citizensplaying an important role in the collaborative management of services and spaces.

Blocks will be aggregated into 3 divisions to be built gradually over time after assignment to public and private investors (development process detailed below).

Board 2

According to the idea of eco-towns the project proposals meets the following principles:

1. Limitation of soil consumption and urban sprawl containment by mean of a dense urban structure and a composite system of green connections which bring together the various urban components at multiple scales (from single block unit until the entire district).

2. Use of local products and attention for ecological, renewable and recyclable materials.

3. Preservation of biodiversity by ecological connections between natural areas and the surrounding landscape.

4. Development of cooperative forms for the management for both housing and services

5. Energetic efficiency by use of renewable sources and bioclimatic architecture criteria in order to limit energy dissipation, wastage of natural resources and money, long-term pollution. The project resorts to water resources saving measures such as the introduction of the natural water-cycle, bio-purification, rainwater harvesting. The reduction of waste production and their recovery is also tackled with zero wastemeasures.

6. Promotion of sustainable transport modes by:

- improving the walkability of the district, with zero space at ground level for traffic or car parked;

- increasing the accessibility to public transport combined withother alternative soft modes (cycling and other micro mobility options)

- promoting sharing mobility options;

- promoting remote workingin order to reduce trips.

7. Health and well-being of both citizens and the living environment by making urban space accessible to all, clean, safe, secure, comfortable and attractive for all categories of inhabitants encouraging  active lifestyles,outdoor activities and socialisation.

8. Functional and social mixitè aimed at responding to different needs and providing alternative job opportunities.

9. Social cohesion and solidarity through social, generational and cultural diversity, participation in public life and collaborative forms of urban service supply and management.

10. Making built environment safe and secure by preserving people from traffic noise and risk of accidents, ensuring social control by “eyes on the street”promotion.

11. City resilience through the adoption of risk management measures and social networks.

12. Promotion of a new culture of sustainability based on an increased environmental sensibility and sense of responsibility through educational initiatives.

13. Local economypromotion and local food production.Development of organic farming at local level by creation of orchards and vegetable gardens in the surrounding countriside.

Board 3

The developing process is based on a participatory approach aimed at involvingall stakeholders (landowners, future inhabitants, authorities)in every phase (conception, realization and management)

Participatory approach

Specifications and contest

 

The inhabitants

Contest participants:involvement of future inhabitants sincethe beginning: the first construction will be the community home, a place of information, dialogue, consultation and growth.

Constitution of social groups by urban “pieces”

 

The district

Parcels are not attributed to investors yet. Whole elements of the city (urbanpieces) are set incompetition with social mix and diversity of functions serving as reference rules

 

The public space

The inhabitants contribute to the design and construction of common areas and meeting spaces. Planning rules are mandatory but a certain variability is allowed.

 

The neighborhood

Participation preserves the collective interest and supports an open community: private interests are avoided and sense of place is activated.

 

Investors

Lots allocation to investors: lots can be private but a cooperative system is preferred. All lots accept qualitative standards and rules of participation. Competition allows to control the allocation of lots.

 

Assignment plans

A detailed plan for individual lots is established. Parts of lots are assigned through participatory rules. Each phase is evaluated organically in order to avoid marginal situations (outside/inside).

The stages are defined in phases on a participatory plan.

 

House & apartment, office, business,…

Participation ensures flexibility and inclusivity in decision making with preferences  and requests allowed to be redefined.Choices are taken by block.

Common room? Common guest rooms? Common exteriors? Vegetable garden or lawn? Every choice is made with flexibility.

The sharing of ideas, perceptions and visions among the future inhabitants (individuals and groups) will help to generate a settlement, flexible, open, equitable, socially cohesive, sustainable, connected to the city and the territory, in which each block may be characterized by a specific identity character (mixitè and divercity).

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